What is Biodiversity?
Biodiversity is shortened from ‘biological diversity’. It is the variety of all life forms on Earth, from the tiniest bugs living in the soil, to the butterflies in your garden, the plants they feed from, and the biggest whales in the sea.
Biodiversity includes the diversity of:
- Individuals within a species (genetic diversity),
- Species within an ecosystem or habitat (species diversity) and
- Ecosystems or habitats (habitat diversity).
The biological diversity we see today is the result of millions of years of evolution. Biological diversity is constantly changing and evolving as some species adapt to new surroundings, become extinct, and others, over time, evolve into new species. We as human beings are an integral part of biodiversity and we can influence it in a positive or negative way.